Sports Injury Glossary

Knee Injuries

Medial Collateral Ligament

An MCL injury involves the stretching, partial tearing or complete tearing of the ligament on the inside of you knee which keep keeps the tibia in place. The MCL connects the tibia to the femur.
Recommended Products: Bionic Knee, Webtech Full, Anaform 4MM

Lateral Collateral Ligament

An LCL injury involves the stretching, partial tearing or complete tearing of the ligament on the outside of you knee. The LCL connects the fibula to the femur.
Recommended Products: Bionic Knee, Webtech Full, Trizone Knee

Anterior Cruciate Ligament

An ACL injury involves the stretching, partial tearing or complete tearing of the ligament in the middle of the knee joint that keeps the tibia from sliding out in front of the femur. The ACL connects the tibia to the femur.
Recommended Products: Bionic Knee, Webtech Full, Anaform 4MM

Posterior Cruciate Ligament

A PCL injury involves the stretching, partial tearing or complete tearing of the ligament inside the knee joint that keeps the tibia from sliding backwards under the femur. The PCL connects the tibia to the femur.
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Meniscus Tear

A meniscus tear can vary in severity, but always involves damage to the cushioning disc which serves to absorb impact between the femur and tibia, and help to add joint stability.
Recommended Products: Bionic Knee, Webtech Full, Trizone Knee

Degenerative Meniscus

Chronic damage to one or both of the cushions that serves to absorb impact between the tibia and the femur, and help to add joint stability.
Recommended Products: Webtech Full, Trizone Knee, Anaform 2MM

Chondromalacia

Chondromalacia is a degenerative disease that causes pain around the kneecap due to damaged cartilage under the patella, which normally serves to cushion the knee during impact.
Recommended Products: Webtech Full, Webtech Short, Trizone Knee

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a chronic/degenerative disease that involves the deterioration of cartilage.
Recommended Products: Webtech Full, Trizone Knee, Anaform 2MM

Dislocated Kneecap

A dislocated knee involves a repositioning of the knee cap to an area outside it's natural resting spot (the trochlear groove).
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Osgood Schlatter

Osgood Schlatter disease is common in growing adolescentsand and is an overuse injury. It is inflammation where the patellar tendon attaches to the tibia (tibial tuberosity).
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Runner's Knee

Runner's knee, commonly diagnosed as patellofermoral pain syndrome, is a blanket term for pain in the front of the knee most commonly caused by a combination of misalignment and overuse.
Recommended Products: Webtech Full, Webtech Short, Trizone Knee

Jumper's Knee

Jumper's Knee, also known as patellar tendonitis, is a common overuse injury.
Recommended Products: Webtech Strap, Webtech Short, Trizone Knee

Patellar Tendonitis

Patellar Tendonitis is the condition that involves painful inflammation of the Patellar Tendon, generally caused by overuse.
Recommended Products: Webtech Strap, Webtech Short, Trizone Knee

Quadriceps Tendonits

Quadriceps Tendonitis is the condition that involves painful inflammation of the Quadriceps Tendon, generally caused by overuse.
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Tendonits

Tendinosis is a chronic injury involving the accumulation of micro-tears to the tendon.
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Bursitis

Bursitis is the condition involving inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs in the joints.
Recommended Products: Trizone Knee, Anaform 4MM, Anaform 2MM

Patellar tracking Disorder

Patellar tracking issues address the Patella tracking out of place through flexion and extension.
Recommended Products: Webtech Full, Webtech Short, Trizone Knee

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is common in athletes and is an overuse injury primarily due problems with alignment of the patella.
Recommended Products: Webtech Full, Trizone Knee, Webtech Short

Knee Sprain

A knee sprain occurs when one or more of the knee ligaments is overstretched.
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Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury causing pain on the outside (lateral) of the knee especially when running during heel strike.
Recommended Products: Webtech Short, Trizone Knee, Webtech Full

Contusion

Occurs as a result of a "blow" or an outside force striking the body when the blood vessels just under the skin are damaged or broken. Contusions typically result in a purplish, flat bruise.
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Ankle Injuries

Ankle Sprain

An ankle sprain can vary in severity, but always involves damage to one or more ligaments attached to the ankle bones, generally caused by ankle roll that forces the bone out of alignment and stretches the attached ligament(s) beyond its capacity.
Recommended Products: Bionic Ankle, Trizone Ankle

Ankle Strain

A strain in the ankle occurs when damage is done to either the tendons or muscles and is typically from overuse.
Recommended Products: Trizone Ankle, Bionic Ankle

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a chronic/degenerative disease that involves the deterioration of cartilage.
Recommended Products: Trizone Ankle, Bionic Ankle

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Lower Leg Injuries

Calf Strain

A calf strain involves tearing of one of the muscles located in the back of the lower leg.
Recommended Products: Trizone Calf, Anaform Calf Sleeve, Anaform Shin Splint Sleeve

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles Tendonitis is the condition that involves painful inflammation of the achilles tendon and is caused by overuse.
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Shin Splints

Shin splints are an overuse injury that cause pain to the outside of the lower leg.
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Contusion

Occurs as a result of a "blow" or an outside force striking the body when the blood vessels just under the skin are damaged or broken. Contusions typically result in a purplish, flat bruise.
Recommended Products: Defender Skin

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Upper Leg Injuries

Hamstring Strain

A hamstring strain varies in severity, but always involves the tearing of one of the muscles located in the back of the thigh.

Groin Strain

A groin strain occurs when the muscles on the inside of the thigh are exposed to too much stress and are common in sports that require a lot of running and jumping.

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Elbow Injuries

Elbow Hyperextension

Elbow hyperextension is defined by the extension of the elbow joint beyond its normal range of motion (usually backwards bending), which often results in collateral damage to the surounding ligaments and tendons.
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Ulnar Collateral Ligament

The UCL can become stretched, frayed or torn from the stress of repetitive throwing motions. Bracing a fall on an outstretched arm can also end up in a torn UCL (often with elbow dislocation).
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Elbow Sprain

An elbow sprain occurs when one or more of the elbow ligaments is overstretched.
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Elbow Strain

A strain in the elbow occurs when damage is done to either the tendons or muscles and is typically from overuse.
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Dislocated Elbow

A dislocated elbow involves a repositioning of the joint to an area outside it's natural resting spot.
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Bursitis

Bursitis is the condition involving inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs in the joints.
Recommended Products: Trizone Elbow, Anaform Arm Sleeve, Bionic Elbow

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) is a general term used to describe an overuse injury of the forearm below the elbow joint that results in pain near the outside (lateral) of the elbow.
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Golfer's Elbow

Golfer's elbow (medial epicondylitis) is a general term used to describe an overuse injury of the forearm below the elbow joint that results in pain near the inside (medial) of the elbow.
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Contusion

Occurs as a result of a "blow" or an outside force striking the body when the blood vessels just under the skin are damaged or broken. Contusions typically result in a purplish, flat bruise.
Recommended Products: Defender Skin, Anaform Arm Sleeve

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Wrist Injuries

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is an overuse injury which is caused by the median nerve being compressed due to swelling, causing numbness or tingling.
Recommended Products: Anaform Wrist

Wrist Sprain

A wrist sprain can vary in severity, but always involves damage to one or more ligaments attached to the wrist bones, often caused by overextension such as absorbing the impact of a fall with the palm of the hand.
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Wrist Strain

A strain in the wrist occurs when damage is done to either the tendons or muscles and is typically from overuse.
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Back Injuries

Herniated Disc

A herniated disc occurs when one of the cushions between the spinal vertebra becomes damaged and bulges outward in a way that can compress the adjacent spinal nerve(s) causing mild discomfort to severe pain.
Recommended Products: Bionic Back

Low Back Pain

Any number of conditions affecting the lumbar area of the spine.
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Sciatica

Sciatica is a condition where the sciatic nerve, which is located in the lumbar, becomes irritated or compressed in a way that results in a wide variety of symptoms such as radiating pain, numbness, weakness, etc. in the lower body.
Recommended Products: Bionic Back

Spondylosis

A general term used for various conditions involving spinal degeneration, such as spinal osteoarthritis.
Recommended Products: Bionic Back

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